Hudson Yards and New York's Union (or Non-Union) Future

A 2011 study by the Regional Plan Association, a planning group, estimated that nonunion construction jobs lowered compensation costs by about 20 percent, on average. When the industry boosted the use of PLAs after 2008, the goal was to match those savings with union labor, but most of the developers surveyed said that they saved just 2 percent to 4 percent in costs, the RPA reported.

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